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Livestock farming is considered the backbone of Agriculture sector and its contribution in the state's economy can't be neglected, as contribution by this sector in overall Agriculture and state economy is very crucial. Of all the contribution milk production is far most important component of livestock production system. Milk production by buffaloes and cows( especially the hybrid breeds) can be enhanced by addressing the issues like imbalance and poor nutrition, the main constrains to exploit the real potential this animal inherits.
But in present situation, increasing the area under fodder crop is nearly impossible due to heavy pressure of food and cash crops, use of alternate technologies to enhance the nutritive value of available feed and fodder seems practical solution to the problems like availability of quality and quantity foods to ruminants round the year.
The two problems which desert region faces at great intensity are:
Of the numerous ways and means to improve the nutritional aspects of fibrous stuffs increasing crude protein, intake and digestibility of straw treated with 5% urea and 6% acidified cane molasses have been used during present project.
To avail the preparation technology to farmers and livestock keepers all the demonstrations were done at village level. Farmers were also informed about the techniques of quality improvement of fodder during shortage periods.
In fodder shortage periods, wheat straw treated with urea and ensiled with acidified molasses may be used in animal diet as substitute of green fodder. Wheat straw treated with manure (at the rate of 30% DM weight of wheat straw) and urea (at the rate of 4% DM weight of wheat straw) and ensiled with molasses (at the rate of 4% DM weight of wheat straw) for 40 days under anaerobic condition can be used as concentrate source in the diet of buffalo for better milk production and growth.
TO make PASUPALAKS aware about different diseases prevailed in cattle and livestock in desert region two day trainings are organized. Project covered 40 villages of all six blocks of BIKANER District. Farmers and PASUPALKs are trained to identify the symptoms of some important diseases like Anthrax; Foot & Mouth disease; Contagious bovine abortion found commonly in livestock in their region.
Information on various government schemes especially about the CHIEF MINISTER'S LIVESTOCK FREE MEDICINE SCHEME which was launched to boost the economy of the state by catering to health needs of cattle. Over 87 frequently needed veterinary generic medicines and 13 consumables are being provided free of cost in the state under the scheme
Literature in local language in the form of pamphlets or handbills etc is prepared & distributed free of cost amongst animal breeders about new schemes by the department. The department happily participates in all the major exhibitions / state fairs and stalls are arranged depicting latest activities in the field of Animal Husbandry. Exhibitions are also held at the time of visit of eminent dignitaries relating to Agriculture / Animal Husbandry as there is a gathering of good number of animal breeders at such places.