Water scarcity and desert are synonym to each other and its access and availability is directly linked with problems like poverty and livelihood security. Water management to enhance the accessibility holds key position in agency's millennium goals and targets.
A better access to water helps in poverty alleviation mainly through the provisions like making available and supply of water for drinking, food production, sanitation services etc. And thus enable the communities of poor people to build, sustain and enhance their resilience power to disease, climatic threats and environmental degradation.
To prepare for these changes, researchers must assess and predict their likely impacts and develop appropriate responses. Policy makers will need to work with communities to spread new ideas, using accessible Programs that are compatible with local traditional knowledge.
People learn the techniques and methods of accessing natural resources in sustainable manner through years of interaction with their natural environment. People living in desert are has good knowledge of traditional technologies for extracting and using the limited water supply. Availability of various water resources like ponds, bawari, and pokhars are good examples to follow.
We use such indigenous knowledge to increase the access of water by rejuvenating bawari, pokhars, talabs and other water structures.
Increasing forest cover in desert is probably one of the most challenging task agency is doing. Growing trees in water scarcity area and on dunes is really a tough task to implement. But with help of forest department and local community we are doing this job in well systematic and planned way.
To the spread of dunes to agriculture productive lands we are stabilising the dune with by growing vegetative layers of trees and shrubs with help of forest department and local community in about 24 village panchayats.
Collecting the rain water from every possible surface into tanks and using the water for multi purpose activities like drinking, growing trees and raising nursery are the prme objective of harvesting rain water and increasing water access and availability in desert region.
To bring additional income to desert areas we are trying to promote eco tourism at the places where water scarcity is not a big issue as it also increases the demands for water from tourists and also from locals, as living standards improve. Eco-tourism can encourage investment in accessible water supplies, but this investment risks damaging fragile ecosystems and depleting water resources unless it is sustainable. Policies must balance development needs with environmental protection.